Basic Math Strategies
Memorizing math facts often doesn't work for a struggling student.
to successfully deal with basic math facts.
Our math worksheets are not randomly generated, they are wellthoughtout, strategically designed to help students progress through the mathematical learning process.
There are seven basic strategies:

Count up – if the number that is being addedon is less than 5 have the student use the points on the number to aid them as they count up.

eg., 7 + 3
touch the pencil to the 7 and then touch each of the points on the 3 as they count up:
7 + 3 = 7, 8, 9, 10 (sample)
Addition Count Up Using Points Lesson

eg., 7 + 3

Count down – if the number that is being subtracted is less than 5 have the student use the points on the number to aid them as they count down.

eg., 7  3
touch the pencil to the 7 and then touch each of the points on the 3 as they count down:
7  3 = 7, 6, 5, 4 (sample)
Subtraction Count Down Using Points Lesson

eg., 7  3

Magic nine – for subtracting 9s, use the magic nine trick which is to add the top two numbers together.

eg., 16  9 = (1 + 6) = 7 (sample)
Magic Nine Lesson

eg., 16  9 = (1 + 6) = 7 (sample)

Math ladder – for twodigit (11–19) minus onedigit numbers. Take the bottom number and subtract it from ten, then add it to the ones digit of the top number.

eg., 16  7 = (10  7 = 3) + 6 = 9. (sample)
Math Ladder Lesson

eg., 16  7 = (10  7 = 3) + 6 = 9. (sample)

Doubles – there are five doubles students should memorize, these can then be used for a related fact and regrouping.

eg., 5 + 5 = 10; 6 + 6 = 12; 7 + 7 = 14; 8 + 8 = 16; 9 + 9 = 18
(Do this by making it a game or a song: five plus five is ten, then say the alphabet, a nursery rhyme or count to twenty, then do the next double six plus six is twelve, etc.)

eg., 5 + 5 = 10; 6 + 6 = 12; 7 + 7 = 14; 8 + 8 = 16; 9 + 9 = 18

Related facts – use a math fact they already know to solve a math fact they don't know.
 eg., 7 + 6, use 6 + 6 = 12, so 7 + 6 = 13. (one more)
 eg., 9  5, use 10  5 = 5, so 9  5 = 4. (one less)

Regroup – redistribute the addition numbers.

eg., 8 + 6
take one from the 8 and give it to the 6
8 + 6 = 7 + 7 = 14.

eg., 8 + 6
Basic Strategy Worksheets — Mastering Math
Teaching Resources for Math Strategy Worksheets
Math Strategy Worksheets:
 Teaching Basic Strategies Math Worksheets use proven techniques to help struggling students learn math concepts.
 Practice Basic Strategies Math Worksheets are carefully designed to progressively help students advance their math skills.
Math Worksheet Series

Prebeginner:

PreBeginner Countup and Countdown series:
Math add count up and sub count down and add/sub count up and down – worksheets that show the struggling student how to use the end points of the number to count up and down to obtain the answer (sample)  Math Add/Sub PreBeginner series – addition and subtraction worksheets that slowly build up skill levels in a wellthoughtout manner (sample)

PreBeginner Countup and Countdown series:

Beginner:
 Math Add/Sub Beginner series – addition and subtraction worksheets that carefully build up skill levels using strategic designs (sample)
 Math Add/Sub Strategy Beginner series – addition and subtraction worksheets that help struggling students decide which strategy to us to solve the addition or subtraction fact (sample)
 Math Ladder Sub Beginner series – subtraction worksheets that teach students how to use the 'math ladder method' for subtracting (sheets 0 – 8 use one explanation, sheets 9 and up use another explanation) (sample)

Intermediate:
 Math Fact Practice Intermediate series – addition and subtraction worksheets that place related facts together so students can build up their skill level and increase their confidence. (sample)
 Math Fact 01–35 teaching series – are worksheets that show students a range of ways to deal with addition and subtraction facts
Return to Math Skills Index.
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