Basic Math Strategies
Memorizing math facts often doesn't work for a struggling student.
to successfully deal with basic math facts.
Our math worksheets are not randomly generated, they are well-thought-out, strategically designed to help students progress through the mathematical learning process.
There are seven basic strategies:
Count up - if the number that is being added-on is less than 5 have the student use the points on the number to aid them as they count up.
eg., 7 + 3
touch the pencil to the 7 and then touch each of the points on the 3 as they count up:
7 + 3 = 7, 8, 9, 10 (sample)
- eg., 7 + 3
Count down - if the number that is being subtracted is less than 5 have the student use the points on the number to aid them as they count down.
eg., 7 - 3
touch the pencil to the 7 and then touch each of the points on the 3 as they count down:
7 - 3 = 7, 6, 5, 4 (sample)
- eg., 7 - 3
Magic nine - for subtracting 9s, use the magic nine trick which is to add the top two numbers together.
- eg., 16 - 9 = (1 + 6) = 7 (sample)
Math ladder - for two-digit (11-19) minus one-digit numbers. Take the bottom number and subtract it from ten, then add it to the ones digit of the top number.
- eg., 16 - 7 = (10 - 7 = 3) + 6 = 9. (sample)
Doubles - there are five doubles students should memorize, these can then be used for a related fact and regrouping.
eg., 5 + 5 = 10; 6 + 6 = 12; 7 + 7 = 14; 8 + 8 = 16; 9 + 9 = 18
(Do this by making it a game or a song: five plus five is ten, then say the alphabet, a nursery rhyme or count to twenty, then do the next double six plus six is twelve, etc.)
- eg., 5 + 5 = 10; 6 + 6 = 12; 7 + 7 = 14; 8 + 8 = 16; 9 + 9 = 18
Related fact - use a math fact they already know to solve a math fact they don't know.
- eg., 7 + 6, use 6 + 6 = 12, so 7 + 6 = 13. (one more)
- eg., 9 - 5, use 10 - 5 = 5, so 9 - 5 = 4. (one less)
Regroup - redistribute the addition numbers.
eg., 8 + 6
take one from the 8 and give it to the 6
8 + 6 = 7 + 7 = 14.
- eg., 8 + 6
Basic Strategy Worksheets — Mastering Math
- Teaching Basic Strategies Math Worksheets use proven techniques to help struggling students learn math concepts.
- Practice Basic Strategies Math Worksheets are carefully designed to progressively help students advance their math skills.
Math Worksheet Series
PreBeginner Count-up and Count-down series:
Math add count up and sub count down and add/sub count up and down – worksheets that show the struggling student how to use the end points of the number to count up and down to obtain the answer (sample)
- Math Add/Sub PreBeginner series – addition and subtraction worksheets that slowly build up skill levels in a well-thought-out manner (sample)
- PreBeginner Count-up and Count-down series:
- Math Add/Sub Beginner series – addition and subtraction worksheets that carefully build up skill levels using strategic designs (sample)
- Math Add/Sub Strategy Beginner series – addition and subtraction worksheets that help struggling students decide which strategy to us to solve the addition or subtraction fact (sample)
- Math Ladder Sub Beginner series – subtraction worksheets that teach students how to use the 'math ladder method' for subtracting (sheets 0 - 8 use one explanation, sheets 9 and up use another explanation) (sample)
- Math Fact 01-35 teaching series – are worksheets that show students a range of ways to deal with addition and subtraction facts
- Math Fact Practice Intermediate series – addition and subtraction worksheets that place related facts together so students can build up their skill level and increase their confidence. (sample)
Return to Math Skills Index.
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